South Texas: Quite possibly the most exotic birding destination in North America. Here, subtropical species extend northwards from Mexico, while northern species overwinter. Habitats including Tamaulipan Thorn Scrub and Sabal Palm groves house nearly 40 South Texas avian specialties, including Green Jay, Altamira Oriole, Hook-billed Kite, Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Couch’s Kingbird, Red-crowned Parrot, and Plain Chachalaca.
On this South Texas nature tour we visit South Padre Island wetlands for wintering rails, Laguna Atascosa and Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuges, and Bentsen Rio Grande, Estero Llano Grande, and Falcon State Parks. These locations are legendary among birders for consistently attracting unique species.
This South Texas wildlife tour is also a great trip for butterflies. 300+ species — more than are likely found in the entire Eastern United States — have been recorded in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. We also keep our eyes peeled for the Valley’s nearly 100 species of damselflies and dragonflies.
- See Whooping Cranes at the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge
- Explore at Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge, home to over 300 birds including Couch’s Kingbird, Great Kiskadee, and, with luck, the tiny Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, with local guide Michael Marsden
- Bird at Edinburg Scenic Wetlands, a World Birding Center site
- Walk the boardwalk on South Padre Island and see large waders like Reddish Egret and Tricolored Heron
- Spend time at Laguna Atascosa NWR for Aplomado Falcon, reintroduced to South Texas in 1985
- See the North American Butterfly Association’s International Butterfly Park
- Watch for flashy birds like Altamira Oriole, Green Jay, and Golden-fronted Woodpecker at Bentsen-Rio Grande State Park
- Follow the Rio Grande River in search of raptors, desert birds, Red-billed Pigeon, and ducks
Photo credits: Roseate Spoonbill (both photos) by Betty Andres; Vermilion Flycatcher, Rose-throated Becard, Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Green Kingfisher, Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Virginia Rail by Tom Dove; Group at Estero Llano by Bob Behrstock.