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Experience Trinidad and Tobago, the best introduction to tropical birding possible, with our 10-Day/9-night 2-Island Classic Tour. Trinidad, with its proximity to Venezuela, offers a number of species not usually possible on an island (Caroni Marsh, with its daily Scarlet Ibis Spectacular, is an iconic destination in itself), while Tobago feels entirely different?classic Caribbean. Combined, these islands provide a variety of habitats that yield dramatic diversity. In many ways it feels like two vacations in one!
This is a true “great lodge” trip with time immersed in nature. We’ve booked three nights each at three nature lodges giving you time to soak it all in—we know it’s a wonderful way to travel without constant packing and moving. We are pleased to announce the Asa Wright Nature Centre Lodge is open after its long closure during the pandemic. We pair this during time on Trinidad with Hacienda Jacana, a smaller lodge intimately nestled in nature by a pond that is perfect for exploring the lowland field sites with less driving and more field time. Enjoy the contrast of the mountains of the Northern Range and the best of tropical lowlands before taking the short flight over to Tobago where we end at one of our favorite lodges of all times, the Cuffie River Nature Retreat.
Spend time with toucans, trogons, manakins, colorful tanagers, elegant seabirds, and more. See over a dozen species of dazzling hummingbirds including the tiny Tufted Coquette and the brilliant Ruby Topaz. Endemic Trinidad Motmot may stare at you as you take a swim in the pool at Cuffie River Nature Retreat! From the Hacienda Jacana we offer an optional early field trip over to Grand Riviere for those seeking sightings of endemic Trinidad Piping-Guan.
A Naturalist Journeys guide joins local experts with 7 or more participants. Please note we will do all activities outlined in this itinerary but may adjust day to day to be flexible to weather or birding opportunities. Our typical group size is 6-10 clients.
- Tour Highlights on Trinidad
- Experience outstanding birding from cozy cottages at Hacienda Jacana and the Asa Wright Nature Centre as our base for exploring the mountains, savanna, and mangroves of Central Trinidad
- Enjoy big vistas and the iconic Bearded Bellbird up in the mountains of Trinidad’s Northern Range
- Bird in varied habitats from savanna to mangroves, lowland forest to mountain terrain
- Dine in a local village known for making quality chocolates and great birding
- Discover intimate views and potential photos of birds at gardens in selected lunch stops, with brilliantly colored hummingbirds, honeycreepers, tanagers, toucans, and more
- Discover the enigmatic Oilbird roosting at Dunstan Cave in Trinidad’s Northern Range
- From November to April witness skies turned crimson with thousands of Scarlet Ibis coming in to roost in Caroni National Park as you glide through mangroves on a quiet boat ride
- Find the tiny Tufted Coquette and other species of hummingbirds
- Tour Highlights on Tobago
- Arrive to a frenzy at Cuffie River Resort’s feeders, perfect for observation and photography and a great place to see the beautiful Ruby Topaz
- Enjoy creative tropical architecture; let the breeze be your ventilation in this peaceful mountain retreat
- Take a swim—from the pool watch Trinidad Motmot, Rufous-vented Chachalaca, and Orange-winged Parrot
- Marvel at dinner guests that may include (just outside) a White-tailed Nightjar or Common Potoo
- Visit Tobago’s historic Main Ridge Forest Preserve and Little Tobago Island with experienced, local guides, followed by a boat ride to land and observe seabirds on Little Tobago Island
"Our Trinidad & Tobago trip was simply marvelous. Jason Radix is a joy to work with. Dave Ramlal is an amazing guide & very kind person. His patience with my birding skills was much appreciated! Zolani Frank also has amazing birding skills & much patience! Desmond kept us chuckling as he found bird after bird! Andy’s jolly demeanor made the ride to the airport zing along. You have a wonderful group of employees & very special lodges on these islands. And the food- yum!" — 2023 Travelers
"Great guides. Wonderful traveling companions. Terrific birds. The food was delicious. Got to taste authentic Trinidad food." — Loretta Selinger, 2023 Traveler
"Amazing in every way possible. This is a trip that combines some of the best birding imaginable with careful, ethical planning and many encounters with the everyday life of Trinidad and Tobago. Afterward, I felt blessed to have been able to talk with people from wildly different backgrounds, both American and Trini. The meals are wonderful and virtually all local, everyday cuisines--no fast food here at all. The guides and hosts are tops in my book--helpful, knowledgeable, committed, and kind." — Chuck Anderson, 2023 Traveler
Itineraries are guidelines; variations in itinerary may occur to account for weather, road conditions, closures, etc. and to maximize your experience.
Sun., Nov. 19: Welcome to Trinidad!
Welcome to Trinidad! Upon arrival at Piarco International Airport, you are met at the airport. Drive to your lodgings for the next three nights at the delightful Hacienda Jacana. Tropical air greets you as well, and the adventure begins.
Nestled into nature, Hacienda Jacana’s two-room casitas with kitchen and living room surround a small pond. Even from your porch the birding is terrific! This nature oasis has just four casitas and a few rooms in the main estate house, so our groups stay small (7 – 10). Meals are catered and feature local, delicious Caribbean and “Trini” cuisine. The Hacienda is in an ideal location to start our adventures and field trips and away from the bustle of Port of Spain.
Note: If your flight arrives late, consider arriving a day early (additional cost), and enjoy an unscheduled morning. We recommend a local house with a view of the city for added time. Our guides meet all flights on the tour start date, and also pick up at the Pax Guest House.
Accommodations at Hacienda Jacana (D)
Birds at Hacienda Jacana
Copper-rumped Hummingbird, Gray-cowled Wood-rail, White Hawk, Green-backed Trogon, American Pygmy Kingfisher, Streaked Flycatcher, Violaceous Euphonia, Crested Oropendola, Yellow Oriole
Mon., Nov. 20 : Nariva Swamp | Trinidad’s Atlantic Coast | Night Birds
This morning, after breakfast and enjoying the sounds of nature waking up at the Hacienda Jacana, we head out for a full but rewarding day, first visiting a couple of spots in the tropical lowlands habitat and then heading on to agricultural fields and mangroves at Nariva Swamp. We visit some wetland areas and open savannah that makes it fun to explore while providing some interesting new species.
As the day warms up, we drive east, then stop for a picnic lunch and seabird sightings on the beach at Manzanilla. Magnificent Frigatebird and Brown Pelican are the most likely species.
Driving down “Coconut Alley” leads us through beachside habitats before we enter Nariva Swamp. Raptors often perch up on long lines of palms. Here, the Nariva River reaches the sea; freshwater environments of herbaceous swamp and mangrove swamp forest make for spectacular birding. There are some fascinating mangrove habitats to scan from the road and we make several stops along the way. Pygmy Kingfisher and Silvered Antbird are secretive species we hope to find.
We aim to be back and in position about 4:00 PM for an exciting night bird excursion, complete with your rum punch and hot dinner in tow. An unused airfield is the first birding stop (pre-sunset), then to a grove of palms that attract Red-bellied Macaw and Moriche Oriole. Next, we set out on a slow drive with lights for spotting night birds.
Accommodations at Hacienda Jacana (B,L,D)
Birds of the Lowlands
Great Kiskadee, Tropical Kingbird, Carib Grackle, Short-tailed Swift, Cocoi Heron, Savannah Hawk, Gray-headed Kite, Yellow-headed Caracara, Wattled Jacana, Southern Lapwing, Green-rumped Parrotlet, Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, White-winged Swallow, White-headed Marsh-Tyrant, Pied Water-Tyrant, Yellow-chinned Spinetail, Red-breasted Meadowlark, Grassland Yellow-Finch, Ruddy-breasted Seedeater
Gazing out to Sea
Magnificent Frigatebird, Brown Pelican, Leach’s Petrel (rare)
East Towards Nariva
Common Black-Hawk, Yellow-headed and Crested Caracaras, Savannah Hawk, Pearl Kite, Gray-lined Hawk, Plumbeous Kite, Green and American Pygmy Kingfishers, Black-crested Antshrike, Silvered Antbird, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Pinnated Bittern, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Purple Gallinule, Yellow-hooded Blackbird, White-tailed Goldenthroat, Long-winged Harrier, Yellow-crowned Parrot, Red-bellied and Blue-and-yellow Macaws
Night Bird Outing
Fork-tailed Palm-Swift, Sulphury Flycatcher, Moriche Oriole (rare), White-tailed Nightjar, Common Pauraque, Common Potoo, Tropical Screech-Owl, Barn Owl, Spectacled Owl (if we’re lucky!)
Tues., Nov. 21 : Coastal Birding | Cultural Sites | Scarlet Ibis of Caroni National Park
Today we head over to the Gulf of Paria and bird the shorelines for this morning’s outing. From February to November large numbers of both Yellow-billed and the striking Large-billed Terns are present while from mid-April to October breeding Collared Plover can be found. Many of the shorebirds found in Trinidad are passing migrants. During the appropriate seasons, resident birds are augmented in varying numbers by Wilson’s Plover, Spotted, Solitary, Pectoral, White-rumped, and Stilt Sandpipers, American Golden Plover, and occasionally Hudsonian Godwit. The shallow waters of the Gulf of Paria provide a haven from inclement weather and the list of rarities in this area is substantial. It includes the only Maguari Stork, Terek Sandpiper, and both Kelp and Greater Black-backed Gulls. In some years near Carli Bay, we can find rare resident Rufous Crab-Hawk.
Also of significant interest, is the beautiful Hindu Temple of the Sea, in view from our birding areas and well worth a visit. Additional cultural sites can be added to this day as time allows but we aim to be at the dock to catch our boat in Caroni no later than 4 PM, perfect timing for the spectacle of Scarlet Ibis coming to roost and more.
To see Caroni National Park in the most intimate way, we bird by boat (watch for Ruschenberger’s Tree Boa and Silky Anteater, too), then moor up at a quiet spot in the mangroves to let the sunset show begin. Hundreds, and sometimes thousands, of Scarlet Ibis cloud the sky as they fly into an island to roost. Tonight’s experience is one you won’t soon forget, often rated among the world’s top birding spectacles.
Accommodations at Hacienda Jacana (B,L,D)
Coastal Bird Highlights
Magnificent Frigatebird, Brown Pelican, Neotropic Cormorant, Great and Snowy Egrets, Little Blue and Tricolored Herons, Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Black-necked Stilt, Southern Lapwing, Willet, Hudsonian Whimbrel, Greater and Lesser Yellowlegs, Semi-palmated and Black-bellied Plovers, Short-billed Dowitcher, Laughing Gull, Royal Tern, and Black Skimmer
Long-winged Harrier, Yellow-hooded Blackbird, Bicolored Conebill, Masked (Red-capped) Cardinal, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Green-throated Mango, Northern Waterthrush, Anhinga, Striated Heron, White-cheeked Pintail, Large-billed Tern, Pied Water-Tyrant, Black-crested Antshrike, Common Potoo, Scarlet Ibis
Wed., Nov. 22 : Trinidad Piping Guan Option to Grand Riviere | El Suzanne Rainforest Lunch | Asa Wright Nature Center
Keen birders want to see the endemic Trinidad Piping-Guan. In classic birding style, we must be up and gone by 4:00 AM to head over to Trinidad’s northeast corner at Grand Riviere, a stronghold for this endangered species. We have an excellent chance to find them here at a local estate where their favorite food plants, including Wild Nutmeg trees, regularly attract them. While endemic Trinidad Piping-Guan, known locally as Pawi, lure us to this side of the island there are some other excellent forest birds to see here as well. If making this effort is not your thing, no worries, enjoy a lovely relaxing morning free at the Hacienda.
As we return, we stop in at the hospitable El Suzanne Rainforest Lodge (and meet up with our luggage and the group that opted for lodge-based relaxation). Enjoy a locally sourced lunch and search out more key birds. Nestled in the Tamana Rainforest and bounded by the Cumuto River (a tributary of the Caroni), this hidden gem features forest birding alongside a large, comfortable terrace and dining area. The photographers among our group love this stop!
From here we head up into the mountains above Arima to step out onto the famed verandah of the Asa Wright Nature Centre to see a grand view and great cast of avian wonders. Many flowering and fruiting trees planted around the Centre grounds help bring species in. Settle into your accommodations, then enjoy tea and rum punch served with the birds as you watch the sunset.
Accommodations at the Asa Wright Nature Centre, Arima (B,L,D)
Bird Highlights at Grand Riviere
Trinidad Piping-Guan, Southern Lapwing, Lilac-tailed Parakeet, Gray-headed and Plumbeous Kites (in season), White Hawk, Bat Falcon, Lineated and Crimson-crested Woodpeckers, Grayish Saltator, Silvered and White-bellied Antbirds, Black-tailed Tityra, Trinidad Euphonia, mixed flocks of colorful tanagers
Thurs., Nov. 23: Thanksgiving! | Trails at the Asa Wright Nature Centre | Oilbirds of Dunstan Cave
Happy Thanksgiving! Today we have the full day to enjoy the wonderful ambiance of the Asa Wright Nature Centre. The grounds and trails have a host of excellent food plants for birds, and our guides know where to find the best activity. We plan to bird the trails and the quiet winding driveway leading into the property, as well as to spend some time with guides on the verandah.
With a three-night stay at the Centre, we hope to be able to visit Dunstan Cave, one of Trinidad’s major colony sites for Oilbird, a unique species in that it is a nocturnal, fruit-eating bird. This colony has been monitored for many years. Enjoy a chance to learn about their ecology and conservation. The trail to the cave is steep in some locations, so wear secure footwear especially in wet conditions. We take it at a birder’s pace and if you are not up to it, feel free to enjoy free time on the verandah or grounds at your leisure. There is also a nice freshwater pool for those that want to take a cooling swim!
Tonight enjoy a Thanksgiving feast, Trini-style.
Accommodations at the Asa Wright Nature Centre, Arima (B,L,D)
Fri., Nov. 24 : Birding Trinidad's Northern Range | Blanchisseuse Road from the Asa Wright Nature Centre | Brasso Seco Village
Today we pack up and head into the mountains. Our scenic, day-long excursion takes us high into the Northern Range on the Blanchisseuse Road. Stately trees arch over the shaded road and views from overlook points are grand. We make frequent birding stops and enjoy a local lunch in the picturesque village of Brasso Seco (with four or fewer participants a picnic lunch is provided). We continue through the mountains to the village of Morne la Croix to enjoy watching parrots fly in to roost.
Today also offers the opportunity to examine other species, perhaps the strange world of leafcutter and army ants or bright colored land crabs catch your eye. The abundance of tropical life surrounds you—observe or photograph butterflies, orchids, and other tropical flora.
In the late afternoon we arrive back at the Asa Wright Nature Centre and settle into our cottages. Enjoy a fine view off of the Verandah. Rum punch is served at sunset and dinner is served in their spacious dining room. After dinner, enjoy an evening presentation or possibly a night walk to see nocturnal species.
Accommodations at the Asa Wright Nature Centre, Arima (B,L,D)
Bird Highlights of the Northern Range
Swallow-tailed Kite, Common Black Hawk, Bat Falcon, Collared Trogon, Ornate Hawk-Eagle, Bearded Bellbird, Channel-billed Toucan, Trinidad Piping-Guan, Short-tailed Hawk, Streaked and Euler’s Flycatchers, Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Blue-headed Parrot, Lilac-tailed Parrotlet, Orange-winged Parrot, Collared Trogon, Golden-olive, Red-rumped, and Chestnut Woodpeckers, Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl, Stripe-breasted Spinetail, Cocoa and Plain-Brown Woodcreepers, Dusky-capped and Slaty-capped Flycatchers, Rufous-breasted Wren, Long-billed Gnatwren, Golden-fronted Greenlet, Speckled and Hepatic Tanagers, Yellow-rumped Cacique
Sat., Nov. 25 : Yerettê Hummingbirds | Flight to Tobago | Cuffie River Nature Retreat
Enjoy some optional early morning birding on our lodge grounds. After breakfast, start the day with a special treat—visit the hummingbird retreat called Yerettê, “Home of the Hummingbird.” Located in the Maracas Valley, this private home and lush garden attracts up to 14 of the 18 species of hummingbirds found in Trinidad and Tobago. A photographer’s delight, hummingbirds gather at the feeders and native vegetation by the tens to hundreds depending on the time of year.
In the afternoon we head for the idyllic (scenic!) island of Tobago. It’s a short 25 minute flight from the Port of Spain airport’s domestic terminal, and Jason Radix, our excellent naturalist for this part of the journey is there to greet us. Settle into your spacious rooms at the Cuffie River Nature Retreat and catch the daily fly-in of Orange-winged Parrot and more as the sun goes down.
Local food is just delicious here and evening meals are a treat. If we are lucky night birds such as Common Potoo may appear in the lights of the lodge as we dine!
Accommodations at the Cuffie River Nature Retreat (B,L,D)
Birds of Yerettê
Copper-rumped, White-chested Emerald, Blue-chinned Sapphire, White-necked Jacobin, Black-throated Mango, Long-billed Starthroat, Ruby Topaz, Tufted Coquette, Green Hermit, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Little Hermit, Brown Violetear, Rufous-shafted Woodstar, White-tailed Sabrewing hummingbirds
Common at Cuffie’s Feeders
White-tailed Saberwing, Ruby Topaz Hummingbird, White-necked Jacobin, Bananaquit, Spectacled Thrush, Barred Antshrike, Common Potoo
Sun., Nov. 26 : Cuffie River Trails & Adventure Farm | Wetland Birding
In keeping with Tobago’s laid-back vibe, today is easy-going. In the morning we explore a nature trail close to the lodge, walking from the entry with the lodge’s expert guide, Desmond Wright. While we never move faster than a birder’s pace, the trail is up and down small hills, so a walking stick may be handy.
Return to the lodge for a delicious lunch and brief rest before traveling off site to Adventure Farm, a delight for birders and the culinary-inclined. The farm is a mix of varietal fruit trees rimmed by natural forest. Enjoy a winding trail through the property spending time at fruit and hummingbird feeders. Tropical Mockingbird provide a serenade. This location is a favorite for photographers.
Keep your binoculars handy as we may have time for some wetland birding stops. Walk around well-placed ponds that attract ducks, wading birds, and possible Spectacled Caiman. We always add several species as we explore.
Be sure to be at a good viewpoint for sunset, as hordes of parrots, parrotlets, and noisy chachalacas fly here to roost—quite a spectacle! After dark, check the driveway’s streetlight for night birds.
Accommodations at Cuffie River Nature Retreat (B,L,D)
Cuffie River Bird Highlights
Rufous-tailed Jacamar, White-tailed Sabrewing, Blue-backed Manakin, Yellow-legged Thrush, Rufous-vented Chachalaca, Ruby Topaz Hummingbird, Collared Trogon, Red-crowned Woodpecker, White-fringed Antwren, Orange-winged Parrot, Fuscous, Yellow-breasted, and Venezuelan Flycatchers, Caribbean Martin, Scrub Greenlet, Common Potoo, White-tailed Nightjar
Wetland Bird Highlights
Black-bellied Whistling Duck, Green and Tricolored Herons, White-cheeked Pintail, Least Grebe, Southern Lapwing, Eared Dove
Mon., Nov. 27 : Gilpin Trace on Tobago’s Main Ridge Preserve | Little Tobago Island from Blue Waters Inn
We have an early breakfast and head out for our drive high into the mountains in the historic Tobago Main Ridge Forest Reserve, the world’s oldest legally protected forest. Scientific American once said that “the protection of Tobago’s Forest was the first act in the modern environmental movement.” In 2022, UNESCO named much of Northeast Tobago part of a new Man and the Biosphere Reserve.
Tobago’s montane forests are home to 210 species of birds. On a trail into the forested interior, we look for several elusive species, including White-tailed Sabrewing, a large hummingbird once thought to be extinct. Sabrewings were rediscovered after hurricanes caused extensive forest damage in the 1960s.
We also seek out Blue-backed Manakin, Yellow-legged Thrush, and other Tobago specialties, including Red-crowned Woodpecker and White-fringed Antwren. After a satisfying walk, we then travel through vibrantly colored hillside villages to the dock at Blue Waters Inn, where we board a glass-bottom boat for a pleasant cruise to Little Tobago Island. The island, one of the country’s most significant wildlife sanctuaries, offers incredible views of plentiful and rare seabirds, both from the boat and by walking a trail up to a lookout point on the island, where Tropical Dry Forest occurs.
Leaving the island (if sea conditions are right), the captain takes time to look for colorful fish and possible Hawksbill Sea Turtle as we pass a former coral garden off Goat Island. The Atlantic side of the island has experienced extensive coral bleaching and while it’s still excellent for divers, snorkeling is not what it once was.
After a long but fulfilling day, we head back to our delightful digs and another delicious meal at Cuffie River Nature Retreat. Tonight is our farewell dinner and we share highlights, favorite birds, and favorite moments of the journey.
Accommodations at Cuffie River Nature Retreat (B,L,D)
Main Ridge Forest Reserve Bird Highlights
Trinidad Motmot, Collared Trogon, White-tailed Sabrewing, Blue-backed Manakin, Yellow-legged Thrush, Red-crowned Woodpecker, White-fringed Antwren, Plain Antvireo, White-throated Spadebill, Olivaceous Woodcreeper, Stripe-breasted Spinetail, Golden-olive Woodpecker, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Rufous-breasted Wren
Around Little Tobago Island
Brown Noddy, Red-billed Tropicbird, Red-footed and Brown Boobies, Sooty Tern, Chivi Vireo, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Pale-vented Pigeon, Roseate and Bridled Terns, Scaly-naped Pigeon, Audubon’s Shearwater sitting in its burrow (if we’re lucky).
Tues., Nov. 28: Departures
After a filling breakfast, bid farewell to Tobago. We arrange drivers for you to connect to the flight you schedule. International flights out of POS must be booked out today AFTER 10:00 AM. You need to leave time for the inter-island flight from Tobago back to Port of Spain. Book the flight from Tobago to coordinate with your outbound International as soon as possible; the first flight out is typically 7:00 AM and they usually run about every hour. If you see an early morning international flight that you want, you can enjoy the day at our nature lodge, go back to an airport hotel (additional cost) in Port of Spain and fly out the next day. Regardless of when you go, you need time in Port of Spain to collect luggage and check in with your international carrier. The 10:00 AM rule is firm.
Your departure time is confirmed the night before with the front Desk to arrange your return transfer. Late check-out may be available for you for an additional fee, to be arranged with the front desk at the time of your visit. Luggage can be stored if you plan activities ahead of later flights. (B)
Cost of the Journey
The cost of this journey is $4690 DBL / $5390 SGL per person, from Port of Spain, departing Tobago Crown Point. Tour cost is based on double occupancy and includes all accommodations; meals as specified in the itinerary, group airport transfers, professional guide services, local park and other area entrance fees, and miscellaneous program expenses. The deposit for this tour is $750 per person.
Cost does not include transportation to Trinidad or from Tobago, or items of a personal nature like laundry, telephone charges, porterage, maid gratuities, or beverages from the bar.
Please plan to make air travel plans only after the minimum group size has been met. We will send you a confirmation email as soon as the trip has been confirmed.
Please plan to arrive into Port of Spain’s Piarco International Airport (POS) at your convenience on November 19. We book your flight TO TOBAGO so that the group stays together; YOU need to book your flight home FROM TOBAGO. You may depart on a flight from Tobago to Port of Spain at your leisure on November 28. There is typically a 7:00 AM flight with subsequent flights every hour. You need to book your international flight from Port of Spain after 10:00 AM on November 28. The 10:00 AM rule is firm.
Most likely you will book a round trip ticket to POS, and then add a Caribbean Airlines segment from TAB to POS to meet up with it. Make sure to leave time to pick up your luggage from Tobago, then recheck it with your international carrier – best if you have two hours minimum for this as the only airline Caribbean Airlines will transfer luggage to is Caribbean Airlines. As the first flight leaves Tobago around 7AM, we have the 10:00 AM rule in place for that reason. If you are on the late flights out, you can enjoy additional time to relax or bird on Tobago – our hotel can store luggage and provide meals for that time (additional cost for meals). Please check with us that the tour is confirmed before confirming flights.
Items of Note
Pace of the Journey & Guides
This is an itinerary focused on birding with some nice cultural elements added in. At all locations, the lodges are pleasant places to bird and explore at leisure if you do not want to participate in the trips away. To fully participate you should be able to get in and out of vehicles multiple times a day with ease, walk 1-2 miles over uneven terrain, and have a flexible attitude towards the weather – this is a tropical rainforest so there will be a need to adjust birding at a time to let rains pass by. We support local guides! With groups of less than 7 we use our local expert guides who we have worked with for many years. With 7 – 10 we add a Naturalist Journeys guide.
Browse below for trip reports and species lists from past versions of this and other tours from this destination.
Trinidad & Tobago
- June 2011
- December 2014
- February 2015
- March 2015
- March 2017 (Trinidad Only)
- January 2018
- December 2018
- January 2020
- March 2020
- December 2022
- March 2023
- April 2023
- June 2023
Kelly has worked with Naturalist Journeys since 2011. She assists our lead guides on trips to Alaska, the Pacific Northwest, Death Valley, the Eastern Sierras, California’s Central Coast, Yosemite National Park, Yellowstone and Grand Tetons, Utah’s National Parks, Belize and the Caribbean islands of Trinidad & Tobago. Kelly enjoys the outdoors, travel, nature, wildlife, and working with people. Kelly is a licensed wildlife rehabber and educator for Pacific Wildlife Care in San Luis Obispo county, and is a founding member of the organization. She is also the Owner/Broker of Central Coast Property Sales. She and her husband Art own a ranch in Cayucos on California’s Central Coast, where
they live with their large menagerie of birds and mammals, both wild and domestic. When not traveling, Art and Kelly welcome guests to find peace and quiet on their ranch in their B and B guest house.
Other trips with Kelly Vandenheuvel
Baja's Bounty: Wildlife Discovery in the Sea of CortezFebruary 10 - 17, 2024
Death Valley National Park Sampler Lens-FriendlyMarch 10 - 15, 2024
Sunshine Birding: California Coast to CactusApril 15 - 22, 2024
Yellowstone: Birds, Bears & Wildlife Traveling CyclonesJune 12 - 19, 2024
Alaska Sampler Anchorage, Homer & SewardAugust 9 - 17, 2024
- Baja's Bounty: Wildlife Discovery in the Sea of Cortez
Essential Information +
This information is important for being prepared for your journey; we want you to have the best experience possible. If you only read one section, this one is key!
Ahead of your Tour
- Make sure your passport will be valid at least six months after the date of your scheduled return to the U.S. No Visas are required for U.S. citizens for stays less than 90 days in Trinidad & Tobago. If you are from another country, please contact the Embassy of Trinidad & Tobago website for guidelines.
- Please check current CDC recommendations for travel to Trinidad and Tobago and consult with your doctor about general travel vaccinations you should have as precaution for travel. See the “Health and Inoculations” section below.
- Travel insurance in case of serious medical emergency is strongly recommended. Full health coverage and repatriation is available through Allianz Travel Insurance, agent number 176098.
- Plan your international flight reservations to arrive into Piarco International Airport (POS) and depart from A. N. R. Robinson International Airport (TAB). Send a copy of your itinerary to the Naturalist Journeys office please.
- Soft sided luggage/duffel bags are easiest for packing the vans. Pack essential medications in your carry-on luggage, as well as one day of clothing and optics in case of luggage delay.
Arrival into Port of Spain (POS), Trinidad
Please note. If you are delayed in travel, please FIRST call the number of our Trinidad operator. As a backup, contact our office or the Naturalist Journeys staff cell (both numbers are on your emergency contact list).
The Piarco International Airport in Port of Spain is welcoming, and it should not be difficult to pass through immigration, collect your luggage and pass-through customs before exiting to the public areas. There is a duty-free section of stores, and several booths to exchange money. ATM’s are present but out in the main airport area. You exit to a large hall with a “great room” atmosphere. There are food stores here if you are hungry.
We will coordinate your pick-ups close to your arrival, and once we have all travelers completed travel information. Please make sure we have both your ARRIVAL and DEPARTURE information, so they can plan this. It is imperative that we have your correct TRAVEL information; we appreciate if you email us a copy of your flight reservation. Staff will check online for your updated flight information.
A driver will be sent for you and they may come inside to meet you, holding a sign, or they may be just outside the main doors at the curb looking for you. We have asked them to wear binoculars to help identify themselves and you can help them by doing so also. If for any reason you do not find them, there is a tourist office that can help you phone them, or if you can get on the Wi-Fi or cell to check for messages that is great.
Departures from Crown Point (TAB), Tobago
You have to be at the airport about three hours ahead of your scheduled flight on this return, so we do not advise booking after 10 AM.
We will provide transfers or arrange for taxis to the airport for all departures as needed for the departure day. Your departure time will be confirmed the night before with the Front Desk to arrange your return transfer. Late check-out may be available for you for an additional fee, to be arranged with the Front Desk at the time of your visit. Luggage can be stored if you plan activities ahead of later flights. Whenever possible we will keep the group together for this transfer. The departure fee is now typically built into your airline fare.
Passport & Documents
You must have a passport that is in good condition and is valid for six months AFTER your scheduled return to the U.S. You should have at least one blank page per stamp. The blank pages need to say “Visas” at the top. Pages marked “Amendments and Endorsements” will not be accepted. If you are from another country, please contact the Trinidad/Tobago embassy website for guidelines. Information for U.S. citizens can be found at:
At the time of writing, a tourist visa is not required for stays less than 90 days, but you will need proof of a return ticket. The necessary documents will be distributed by your airline while in flight or provided for you upon arrival. We advise that you bring your eContact list of hotels for use at immigration as well.
It’s wise to carry a color photocopy of your passport ID page in a separate location while traveling, and to leave a copy with your emergency contact person at home. You may want to take a photo with your phone and have a copy there, along with a photo of the BAR CODE on your luggage tag. If your passport is lost or stolen, or your bag is misplaced these photos will greatly expedite replacement.
General Health & Inoculations Information - Be Prepared!
We will share your health information with your guide. This information will be kept confidential but is very important as we want to be best prepared in case of medical emergency. Do bring any prescription medications with you and its best if you have a copy of the prescription in case of loss. A supply of standard over the counter medications for common ailments is recommended.
Anti-malarial drugs are not required for any area that you visit. There are occasional reports of Dengue Fever in lower elevation areas, for which there is no vaccine. Dengue fever, Zika, and other diseases are contacted by mosquito bites so be sure to use mosquito repellant containing DEET or Picaridin. Travelers can reduce their risk of disease by protecting themselves from mosquito bites in lower elevation areas by using protective clothing.
Please check current CDC recommendations for travel to and consult with your doctor about vaccinations you should have as precaution for travel, at least 4-6 weeks before departing on your trip. You may also contact the CDC by phone (800) CDC-INFO.
We recommend that you bring a travel-sized first aid kit and medications for common ailments, as well as an extra pair of glasses or contact lenses. You should bring an adequate supply of any prescription drugs you use, and in addition, a list of generic names of your medicine as “back-up” in case it is necessary to purchase drugs while in abroad. When traveling with medication, it is a good idea to pack any drugs you take regularly in your carry-on luggage. You’ll want to keep medications in their original, labeled containers. It is also a good idea to carry with you an up-to-date record of known allergies or chronic medical problems so that emergency treatment, if necessary, can be carried out without endangering your health.
Weather & Climate
The climate of Trinidad and Tobago is tropical, hot all year round, with little seasonal variation. The maximum temperatures hover between 88?F and 91? year-round in the lowlands, with cooler temperatures found in the mountains. September and October are the warmest months, and January and February the least hot with temperatures dropping at times into the 70’s if large, regional storms are present. Luckily, the northeast trade winds blow all year round, tempering the heat.
Annoyances & Hazards
Mosquitoes can occur in the forests; therefore, a supply of insect repellent containing DEET is essential. At grassland or farm locations you may encounter chiggers, if so, spray your shoes with repellent, and tuck your pants into your socks, this helps a lot. When back, be sure to shower and air out your clothing. Chiggers are a part of lowland and mid-elevation habitats throughout Central and South America. Your guide should have a good read on if it has been wet enough that they are active. There can also be poisonous snakes and insects, though encountering them is rare. Do listen carefully to any advice given by your local guide. And remember the sun is strong and be prepared with proper protection.
Food & Drinks
Menus at lodges and restaurants are varied, sustainably based on the wonderful local ingredients available, and delightfully prepared in a sanitary environment. As with any case when traveling we urge you to consider what your body is used to before you eat something. Trust your common sense when consuming food and beverages. This is the best way to avoid any unwanted problems. Ask for referrals from your hotel or a guidebook such as Frommers.
Bottled water will be available for field trips and drinking water is provided for you to refill a bottle. One of the many ways we strive to do our part for the environment is by trying to reduce our consumption of plastics; we appreciate if you can bring reusable water bottles.
Packing, Clothing & Laundry
Dress is very informal and laundry services are available for a fee at our lodges. While some people will change for dinner, it is usually just to a drier or cleaner version of what they wore during the day. Again, the climate is warm to hot, so you will be comfortable in lightweight clothing.
Please, pack light. We are serious about this – we move around a lot; you just do not need much to cope with tropical life! Please do not bring anything more than you must. Lay out your hopeful things to take and then do a serious paring down please! And please do not pack any essential medications, or your vital optics, in your checked luggage!
TRAVEL TIP: Imagine NOT getting your suitcase. Wear your most important shoes for the field, have one day’s clothing change, and a change of underwear!
The official currency in Trinidad & Tobago is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar. We advise you carry a mix of different types of payments, such as cash, an ATM card, and a credit card. For the current exchange rate, please refer to an online converter tool like www.xe.com, or your bank. U.S. dollars in good condition (no rips or tears) are taken as a form of payment but shopping for smaller handicrafts may necessitate using local currency.
When using the ATM to withdrawal cash, keep in mind it might only accept cards from local banks or not allow cash advances on credit cards. Many U.S. banks charge a fee of $1 - $5 each time you use a foreign ATM. Others may charge you a percentage of the amount you withdraw. Check with your bank before departure. You must become familiar with how to use your ATM card and PIN number ahead of the journey.
We suggest you have more than one card available, if possible. You may want to bring more than one brand of card (VISA and Mastercard are commonly accepted; American Express is less common). You can use credit cards at lodges to pay your bar and gift tabs. Not every shop will accept every card. Some smaller shops and restaurants, or taxis require cash, so it is always a good idea to ask before making a purchase. Also, we recommend that you advise your bank or credit card company that you will be traveling abroad to avoid questions, card freezes, or charges. If you have a choice of cards, bring one with no foreign exchange fees.
Traveler’s checks are not widely accepted. They can be difficult to exchange. We do not advise you use them.
Tipping is optional and completely at your discretion. If you would like to show our appreciation to your guides, lodge and hotel staff or anyone associated with this tour, it is entirely appropriate. Know that they appreciate anything you care to give and of course you can do more if you wish! Lodges normally have a box for tips that the staff share, and hotels you would just tip the maids as you do at home. We hope that you will be pleased with all professional services.
Here is a standard suggestion for tipping on birding trips:
- Birding tour guide: US $10.00 - $15.00 per day per guest
Note: If there is more than one guide, this can be split among them, so that is a total, per person, per day
- Tour driver if different from guide: US $5.00 - $7.00 per person/day
- Lodge staff: US $6.00 - $10.00 per day per guest
- Transfer (airport shuttle) driver: US $2.00 - $3.00 per person
- Hotel & international airport bellmen: US $1.00 per suitcase
You may wish to bring small gifts for local people that you meet and enjoy (this is totally optional!). T-shirts, school supplies like pens and small notebooks, inexpensive watches and baseball caps are always popular. Your guides can pass along school supplies to a local school if you bring them. They also love any nature books/coloring books.
Cell Phones & Internet Service
If you plan on using your cell phone on this trip, please check with your wireless provider to see if your
phone and service will work in your destination country. Ask for “international roaming” to be turned on on your phone. Or you can buy a local SIM card at the airport and insert this in your mobile phone (just make certain your phone can accept one). Renting an international phone may also be an option.
If your phone can connect to Wi-Fi, you may be able to make voice and video calls free of charge. Please contact your cell phone provider for further details. Another option if you have access to Wi-Fi, is to use smartphone apps like Skype, WhatsApp, or Viber to send text messages, and make voice calls, or video calls. Many smartphones, tablets, or laptops come with one of these apps pre-installed or you can download for free. If bringing a laptop or tablet, get a good dustcover to protect it at all times.
Make sure if you do NOT want to use your cell phone that you turn off your cellular data. You could incur huge charges if you are not on Wi-Fi. Putting your phone in airplane mode if you mainly use it for photos will save the battery as well.
Your hotels and most local restaurants provide Wi-Fi at least in their common areas. Although it is generally a reliable service, it can be affected by adverse weather conditions due to the remote location.
The standard in Trinidad & Tobago is the same as in the United States and Canada: 110 volts AC (60 cycles). Plugs are set up in the same style. However, three-pronged outlets can be scarce and existing three-prong outlets may feature even-sized flat blade plugs, so it's helpful to bring along adapters for both two- and three-prong outlets. For more information: https://www.power-plugs-sockets.com/trinidad-and-tobago/
Trinidad and Tobago are on Atlantic Standard Time, with no daylight savings time. Check www.timeanddate.com before leaving home for your conversion.
Please contact Naturalist Journeys by email at clientservices@naturalistjourneys or telephone at our office: (520) 558-1146 or toll free: (866) 900-1146 if you have any questions. Many thanks for traveling with us and we hope you enjoy your journey!
Pace & Protocols +
Pace of the Tour & What to Expect
You will receive a Schedule-at-a-Glance and list of hotels (our eContact List) a few weeks before your departure. This will serve as an outline for each day and alert you to any recent changes made in the schedule or to our hotels, if needed.
Our journeys are set up to follow the rhythm of nature. Our focus is on birding and nature; we offer full, well-planned field days and often get up early for that magical time around dawn. We generally follow the published itinerary, but we stay flexible to the weather, wildlife opportunities and the interests of the group. Your guide will keep you apprised of the next day’s schedule at each evening meal, noting what to bring and what to prepare for. Questions and/or concerns are welcome.
The pace of our Naturalist Journeys tours is moderate; to fully participate you should be able to get in and out of vehicles several times a day, and walk 1-3 miles over uneven terrain. It is important to participate with a flexible attitude as adjustments may be made in our schedule to make the most of our time in the field or for other purposes at your guide's discretion. We are not a “listing” bird company that drills down on target species, but at times we do wait for those special species unique to the places we visit. During the day, we take time to stop for photos and for educational opportunities to learn about conservation projects, landscapes, and geology. We appreciate other taxa as well as birds, with mammals often the biggest draw but plants and butterflies are also very popular. Our clients often lend their own expertise to the mix.
We like to make meals a fun and memorable part of the experience, too. Breakfasts are often at hotels, and we carry snacks, fruit, and water in the vans each day. Lunches are a mix of picnics in the field (weather dependent) and a chance to dine with locals at small cafes and restaurants. For dinner, we pride ourselves in our homework to keep up with the best choices for dining, choosing restaurants with atmosphere that specialize in local foods. On occasion we keep dinner simple to go back out in the field for sunset wildlife viewing or night walks. In some remote locations, our choices are limited. If you are tired, room service for dinner may be an option you can choose.
Naturalist Journeys International Trips: Guide Role
Naturalist Journeys supports ecotourism and the development of excellent local guides. Once we know our international partners and guides well, we can send out small groups working directly with these trusted partners, adding a Naturalist Journeys guide to assist the local expert when we have a group of 6-7 or more. This helps us keep your costs down while retaining tour quality. The local guide is your main guide. You can expect your Naturalist Journeys guide to be well-researched and often they are experienced in the destination, but their role is not to be primary, it is to help to organize logistics, help you find birds, mammals, and interesting other species in the field, keep reports, help facilitate group interactions, and to keep the trip within Naturalist Journeys' style. Local guides live in the countries we travel to, know the destinations intimately, and are often the strongest force for conservation in their countries. They open many doors for us to have a rich experience.
Smoking is not permitted in any vehicle or in any situation where the group is participating in an activity together, such as a vehicle excursion or a guided walk. Please respect all designated smoking areas at hotels and restaurants.
As a courtesy to each other, we ask that all travelers please rotate seating. On international trips we may all be in one small bus, on some trips we are in vans, particularly the roomy Sprinter Vans when available. Some areas require us to be in smaller 4-wheel drive or safari vehicles. Rotation allows you to sit with different drivers and alternate front and back seating.
Photo Release & Sharing
We take many group photos and will share photos with the group. And after your tour, we will organize a chance to share photos via Dropbox or Google Photos. Please note that this is our policy and if you prefer to be excluded, we need to know ahead of your tour.
By registering for this tour, you agree to grant to Naturalist Journeys and its authorized representatives’ permission to record on photography film and/or video, pictures of my participation in the tour. You further agree that any or all of the material photographed may be used, in any form, as part of any future publications, brochure, or other printed materials used to promote Naturalist Journeys, and further that such use shall be without payment of fees, royalties, special credit or other compensation.
You are traveling in remote areas. Naturalist Journeys strongly recommends you have full medical and evacuation insurance from a company such as Allianz, agent number 176098, for all international travel. If you do not have medical coverage or evacuation coverage on your existing travel insurance policy or for some reason elected not to take that out, we advise getting an evacuation plan with Global Rescue, World Nomads, Medjet, Allianz (they can do evacuation only) or a similar company. These plans are typically $300-$400 for a year for multiple destinations. This coverage may be a part of a larger Travel Insurance policy but can also be purchased on its own.
Please contact Naturalist Journeys by email at firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone our office: (520) 558-1146 or toll free: (866) 900-1146 if you have any questions. Many thanks for traveling with us and we hope you enjoy your journey.
Packing List +
Please pack light!
Soft luggage is much easier for us to pack than a more rigid hard-sided piece, so if you have the choice, please use your soft luggage. Be sure to have your name and address on the inside of the bag, as well as on the luggage tag on the handle. It is our hope that you can pack in one checked suitcase that does not exceed 45 pounds. This is the tropics, you do not need that much!
Be sure to pack your personal medication, airline tickets, passport, binoculars, camera, and other essential items in your carry-on bag. You will want a day pack for field trips, so this is an ideal carry-on. Please reconfirm your airline’s baggage weight and size restrictions about a week or so before departure.
Trinidad and Tobago has “perfect weather” — warm with tropical breezes, though it may feel hot by US standards. Average temperatures are in the 80s-90°F in the lowlands, and perhaps 10°F cooler near the coast and at higher elevations. Winter storm events to the north may drive temperatures into lows of 70°F, and night temperatures can dip to the 50°Fs. Trinidad and Tobago’s rainy season is usually from June to December. At any time of year, we can encounter heavy rainstorms that last for several hours, but most rains are for shorter duration and intermittent, they also cool everything down so are often welcomed. Wildlife often stays active (they are used to it!) so we stay out too. Bring an umbrella – you can continue to use your binoculars and enjoy an outing regardless.
Dress is comfortable and informal throughout the trip. Dressing in layers is the best way to be comfortable. Lightweight long sleeve shirts and long pants make ideal field clothing as they are more protective from sun and vegetation. Choose clothing you don’t mind getting dirty or muddy and things that are comfortable and easy.
Note on clothing colors and insect repellent: We recommend muted colors of tan, brown, khaki, grey or green, as they are spotted less easily than white or bright colors, though camouflage clothing is not recommended. It is possible to purchase field clothing permeated with insect repellent; two options are Craghoppers Insect Shield and Exofficio’s Bugs Away collections. Another approach is to purchase Permethrin spray (online or from REI) to treat your field clothing and socks before your departure.
NOTE: Camouflage clothing is illegal to wear or possess in many tropical birding destinations. Such clothing may be confiscated, and, at worst, you may be subject to arrest. Best not to bring those patterns!
Clothing & Gear
- Lightweight long pants (2-3 pair)
- Shorts (optional)
- Lightweight long sleeve shirts (2-3)
- T-shirts or equivalent (1 per day – remember you may be buying some there anyway!)
- Comfortable clothes for evening (a cleaner version of your field clothes or a skirt, sundress, etc.)
- Personal underclothing and pajamas
- Socks – lightweight and easy to wash and dry (long enough to tuck your pants into)
- Comfortable walking shoes (such as tennis shoes)
- Lightweight hiking boots. Please note that forest trails will be on uneven terrain and may be muddy – good tread and support are essential
- Sandals for evenings, travel days, and to wear on boats (optional, Teva style are great)
- Lightweight jacket; fleece fabric is ideal
- Lightweight raincoat or poncho
- Bathing suit
- Hat with broad brim
- Bandana (gel bandanas work well to keep you cool)
- Field vest (optional), a great source is Big Pockets, http://www.bigpockets.com/
Equipment & Miscellaneous
- E-ticket verification
- Passport, and a photocopy kept elsewhere
- Money pouch or equivalent to carry your money and passport with you at all times
- Camera and extra batteries/battery chargers, memory cards, lens cleaning supplies and your instruction manual (optional-an online version can be downloaded to your phone)
- Umbrella – compact and not brightly colored (a great option for occasional rain as you can keep using your binoculars)
- Small daypack or fanny pack for carrying your field gear
- Walking stick – we find many travelers appreciate a walking stick on trails; recommend collapsible models that will fit in your suitcase (optional)
- Small flashlight with fresh batteries. Please note that if you like to read at night, lighting in other countries is often poor in the rooms and you may want to bring a book light, headlamp or flashlight for this purpose.
- April to July: Red light or plastic covering for your light, for seeing turtles on the beach at night
- Alarm clock, or use your cell phone
- Sunscreen/Chapstick with SPF or equivalent
- Sunglasses with neck strap
- Insect repellent (something containing DEET; for chiggers, sulphur powder if available)
- Toilet articles
- Spotting scope and tripod (optional)
- Tablet or laptop for personal use and/or transferring photos, USB cord and charger (optional)
- Chargers for cameras and/or phones
- Electrical converter and adapter plugs
- Water bottle (or plan to refill one purchased on location)
- Notebook or journal and pen (optional)
- Field guides (optional)
- Sink plug (often not available, a flat universal one is easiest to use)
- Washcloth (may not always be available)
- Earplugs (if hotel noise or roommates snoring may bother you; these are optional
- Laundry soap if you plan to hand wash articles of clothing
- Rechargeable power bank (optional)
WE DO NOT RECOMMEND TRAVELING WITH PRECIOUS OR VALUABLE JEWELRY – don’t tempt anyone and don’t bring things you’d regret losing - your mind will be at ease!
Medical & First Aid
- Personal medications
- Personal first aid kit and medications for general ailments (Imodium or Lomotil, Antihistamine cream or tablets, Eye drops, etc.)
- Motion sickness preventatives, if likely to be needed on bus, van drives, etc.
- Copy of eyeglass prescription, copy of medical prescriptions, and any medical alerts
- Insurance information
- Extra pair of eyeglasses or contacts
- Band-Aids, moleskin to protect against blisters
- Antibacterial hand gel, small vial
Suggested Reading List +
There are many titles of interest for Trinidad & Tobago; the following are a few that we have enjoyed that can get you started.
Merlin App – Trinidad and Tobago Pack. A phone-based birding app from Cornell University Laboratory of Ornithology. Before departing the U.S., download the app for free, then from within the app, download the “pack” for Trinidad and Tobago.
Wildlife & Nature
History & Culture
There is a good selection of books available for sale at visitors’ centers, and your guide will also have a selection of reference books and materials for participants to share. As an Amazon Associate, Naturalist Journeys earns from qualifying purchases, and may get commissions for purchases made through links on this page at no added cost to you.
Useful Links +
Overview of Trinidad and Tobago
Temple in the Sea
Tobago’s Cuffie River Nature Retreat
Nature, Wildlife & Biology
General birding information
The Oilbird Cave Dwellers – Article
Scarlet Ibis and Caroni Marsh
Endemic Piping Guan
Hummingbirds of Yerette
Nat Geo Article – “Trinidad and Tobago: A Wildlife and Nature Lover's Paradise”
Trinidad and Tobago Newsday Article - “Omardeens Revive Estate In Brasso Seco: For the Love of Cocoa”
Conservation, Parks & Reserves
Asa Wright Nature Centre
Little Tobago Island Bird Sanctuary
Tobago’s Main Ridge Forest Reserve
Ramsar.org – Wetlands Conservation
Geology & Geography
Geology of Trinidad and Tobago
Geography of Trinidad and Tobago
Abstract of a 1948 Article by John C. Maxwell
History & Culture
Trinidad and Tobago: As Members of The Commonwealth
Trinidad and Tobago - History and Heritage
Cuisine of Trinidad & Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago profile - Timeline
Helpful Travel Websites
Arrival - Piarco International Airport (POS) – Port of Spain
Departure - A.N.R. Robinson International Airport - Crown Point (Island of Tobago)
National Passport Information Center
Homeland Security Real ID Act
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)
Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
Foreign Exchange Rates
U.S. Department of State International Travel Information – Trinidad & Tobago
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – Trinidad & Tobago
Canada Travel Advice and Advisories – Trinidad & Tobago
Travel Health Pro (UK) – Trinidad & Tobago
Electricity and Plugs – Trinidad & Tobago
Date, Time, and Holidays – Trinidad & Tobago
Photo credits: Banners: Scarlet Ibis, Hugh Simmons Photography; Blue-chinned Sapphire, Sandy Sorkin; Blue-gray Tanager, Glenn Chambliss; Little Tobago, Hugh Simmons Photography; Bearded Bellbird, Glenn Chambliss; Boatbill Heron, Tom Dove; Common Potoo, Mike Boyce; Green Honeycreeper, Sandy Sorkin; American Flamingo, Hugh Simmons Photography; Blue Waters Inn, Hugh Simmons, Group Trinidad, Hugh Simmons; Trinidad Motmot, Mike Boyce; Trinidad Piping Guan, Mike Boyce; White-tailed Sabrewing, Dave Ramlal; Smooth-billed Ani, Peg Abbott; Mt. Plaisir, Janet Metzger; Cuffie River, Bud Ferguson; Lineated Woodpecker, Dave Ramlal; Ruby Topaz, Dave Ramlal; White-necked Jacobin, Steve Wolfe; BWI Franks boat, Lynn Tennefoss; Blue-backed Manakin; Doug Greenberg; Brown Pelican, Hugh Simmons; Scarlet Ibis, Hugh Simmons; Black-throated Mango, Faraaz Abdool; Blue-headed Parrot, Hugh Simmons Photography; Brown Booby, Hugh Simmons Photography; Frank Little Tobago, Hugh Simmons; Group in Trinidad, Hugh Simmons; Masked Cardinal, Hugh Simmons Photography; Ruby Topaz, Hugh Simmons Photography; Scarlet Ibis, Noel Snyder; Black-throated Mango, Glenn Chambliss; Purple Honeycreeper, Peg Abbott; Rufous-tailed Jacamar, Mike Boyce.