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There are very few places in the world that rival Costa Rica’s ecological diversity. More than a quarter of the country is protected lands, boasting 850 bird species and 200+ mammals.

Discover the verdant Monteverde cloudforest in search of the dazzling Resplendent Quetzal, lovely Long-tailed Manakin, and bizarre Three-wattled Bellbird. Immerse in tropical wonder at Celeste Mountain Lodge in the shadow of the Tenorio and Miravalles Volcanoes. Explore the Caño Negro area, rich in colorful waders like Roseate Spoonbill and Purple Gallinule, and perhaps even Jabiru; here you can opt for an after dinner drive to search for night birds and with great luck, large and rare mammals like Jaguar and even Giant Anteater.

We offer an optional extension to explore La Selva Biological Station’s Neotropical specialties and the Sarapiqui area’s Caribbean lowlands is a great way to further immerse yourself in Costa Rica’s beautiful biodiversity.

Tour Highlights

  • Enjoy the lovely Hotel Bougainvillea upon your arrival; bird their 10-acre botanical garden
  • Watch for hummingbirds, trogons, and mammals, too, from Monteverde Mountain Lodge, nestled in lush cloudforest
  • Experience the Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve in search of Northern Emerald-Toucanet, and Purple-throated Mountain-gem and Magenta-throated Woodstar busy at feeders
  • Relax at the Celeste Mountain Lodge in the heart of the Tenorio-Miravalles Biological Corridor
  • Watch for the elusive Tody Motmot and the outrageous Bare-necked Umbrellabird
  • Stroll Tenorino National Park in search of butterflies, trogons, hummingbirds, and perhaps antbirds following an army ant swarm
  • Opt for a night drive to search for Black-and-white, Striped, and Tropical Screech-Owls, as well as Great and Northern Potoos
  • Look for Sungrebe, Russet-naped Wood-Rail, and Yellow-breasted Crake at Lago Caño Negro
  • Extend your stay with an extension to La Selva Biological Research Station and the Sarapiqui River area

Trip Itinerary

Sat., Mar. 13: Arrivals in San Jose | Hotel Bougainvillea


Bienvenido a Costa Rica! Please plan to arrive today in San José by 5:00 PM so you can join our welcome dinner and orientation. You are met at the airport for a transfer to our hotel in the hills of the historic suburb of Heredia. The Bougainvillea hotel is a family-owned and operated hotel with a welcoming atmosphere; fresh-cut flowers from the 10-acre garden, and original paintings and sculptures by leading local artists adorn the interior. Massive beamed ceilings, wood paneling, and a fireplace all contribute to the warm feeling of a country inn. And, there are always great birds to greet you as you stroll trails through the garden.

Tonight we gather to enjoy a welcome dinner and the chance to meet your guides and travel companions.
Accommodations at the Hotel Bougainvillea (D)

Sun., Mar. 14 : Costa Rica’s Pacific Side | Boat Ride to the Guacalillo Mangroves


Early birders can join our guide on the grounds for birding ahead of breakfast. Lesson’s Motmot may perch in view as we watch the sky for parrots and raptors. The garden of Hotel Bougainvillea attracts many wintering migrants from the United States and Canada, including Philadelphia Vireo, Summer Tanager, and Rose-breasted Grosbeak. After breakfast, we head to the Pacific side of the Continental Divide for a chance to see birds of a wildlife-rich mangrove area, and to visit one of Costa Rica’s most famous bird reserves: Carara National Park.

We have lunch at Villa Lapas, get settled, and then head out for a late-afternoon boat trip into mangrove habitat. What a great way to start the trip, with possible sightings of Muscovy Duck, Bare-throated Tiger-Heron, Boat-billed Heron, Roseate Spoonbill, Turquoise-browed Motmot, and the endemic Mangrove Hummingbird. Common Black Hawk feed on frogs and crabs, while Crested and Yellow-headed Caracaras patrol above. There are some large American Crocodile here at the mouth of the Tárcoles River as well.

We enjoy dinner in a patio setting with large trees and a flowing river making for a memorable evening.
Accommodations at Villa Lapas Hotel (B,L,D)

Mon., Mar. 15 : Carara National Park | Monteverde


We start early for a great morning of birding at Carara National Park, where we witness the diversity of birds and fauna in this transitional forest. Here we walk the trails and search for birds, butterflies, and mammals. This is the northern reach of species at home in Pacific Rainforest, and the southern reach for those associated with Pacific Dry Forests?this park’s diversity is some of the highest in the entire Central American region.

The open nature of Carara’s transitional forests lends itself well to finding birds that are normally difficult to observe elsewhere, such as Great Tinamou, Collared Forest-Falcon, and Streak-chested Antpitta. It’s also an excellent place to observe an army ant swarm and its attendant antbirds, including sometimes secretive Black-hooded Antshrike, Bicolored Antbird, Dusky Antbird, and Chestnut-backed Antbird. We may also find Scaly-breasted Hummingbird or Blue-throated Goldentail.

By mid-morning activity slows down, and we depart for higher elevations in the mountains, a couple of hours away. We enjoy lunch en route. Monteverde is a treasured location in Costa Rica where many birders get their first feel for birding lush montane forests. Remote, Monteverde has retained its charm despite its popularity and is still an excellent place for birding. We stay three nights to access several reserves. Plus, we have great birding right outside our door on the lodge grounds!

Our hotel, the Monteverde Mountain Hotel, sits amongst 15-acres of private forest at 4,500 feet above sea level. This mountain hotel has cozy rooms set in nicely kept grounds and features hummingbird feeders in the veranda.

Late in the afternoon, we enjoy birding at the Children’s Eternal Forest. This reserve was established with donated funds from children in 44 countries and is managed by a non-profit foundation. The property has a more open woodland than others in Monteverde due to a rain shadow effect. Long-tailed Manakin, often found in drier coastal forests, can be found here. We also hope to see Rufous-capped Warbler, Rufous-and-white Wren, and with some luck more elusive species like Northern Barred-Woodcreeper and Orange-billed Nightingale Thrush.

Watch for Swallow-tailed Kite on the move overhead in the late afternoon. Our dinner is well-prepared local Costa Rican food at the hotel.
Accommodations at the Monteverde Mountain Hotel (B,L,D)

Tue., Mar. 16 : Monteverde Cloudforest Reserve | Curicancha Reserve


This morning we visit the famous Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, one of the best places to find Resplendent Quetzal. March is their breeding season, making our quest for this beauty a bit easier. Other lush highland forest species include Black Guan, Gray-breasted Wood Wren, Black-faced Solitaire, and with luck Silvery-fronted Tapaculo. Monteverde is a great place to spy a mixed flock, with Spotted Barbtail, Buffy Tuftedcheek, and Ruddy Treerunner probing bromeliads and mossy tree limbs while Spangle-cheeked Tanager searching for fruit in the canopy. This place is a wonderland for botany fans.

This afternoon we visit Curicancha Reserve, a small reserve (200 acres) but a true gem. Here, we get another chance to see Resplendent Quetzal, alongside Three-wattled Bellbird, Collared Trogon, Gray-throated Leaftosser, and other species. At hummingbird feeders, we may add Purple-throated Mountain Gem, Green-crowned Brilliant, Violet Sabrewing, and Magenta-throated Woodstar. With luck we could find mammals, too: Hoffmann’s Two-toed Sloth, Mantled Howler Monkey, White-faced Capuchin, or Kinkajou.
Accommodations at the Monteverde Mountain Hotel (B,L,D)

Wed., Mar. 17: Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve


This morning, we visit a reserve that is less well-known than Monteverde but has equally stunning and diverse forests. Encompassing approximately 730 acres, the Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve was established in 1992 through the combined initiatives of the Santa Elena Community High School and Canadian-based Youth Challenge International. During our time in this verdant reserve, we scan the moss-laden trees for regional endemics such as Collared Redstart, Black Guan, and Collared Trogon, while also paying close attention to the trail ahead of us for secretive ground-dwelling species such as Buff-fronted Quail-Dove and Black-breasted Wood-Quail. However, the true stars of this forest are the incomparably beautiful Resplendent Quetzal, a contender for most beautiful bird of the world, and the bizarre Three-wattled Bellbird, the source of a call that rings throughout the cloud forest during this time of the year.

Other species we hope to see include Northern Emerald-Toucanet, Prong-billed Barbet, Chestnut-capped Brushfinch, Costa Rican Warbler, and Golden-browed Chlorophonia. Be sure to watch for Orange-kneed Tarantula!

Best of all, in addition to trails, there are feeders, where Green Hermit, Green-crowned Brilliant, Purple-throated Mountain-gem, Magenta-throated Woodstar, Violet Sabrewing, Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, and Coppery-headed Emerald all put on a show.

Enjoy the afternoon to bird the hotel surroundings, or some may wish to see artisan shops in the town of Monteverde. Dinner tonight is at the lodge.
Accommodations at the Monteverde Mountain Hotel (B,L,D)

Thurs., Mar. 18 : Celeste Mountain Lodge | Tenorio & Miravalles Volcanoes


We can spend the early morning hours birding at the lodge and vicinity before we descend to another delightful area of Costa Rica, based for two nights at Celeste Mountain Lodge. Located on the slopes of the Tenorio Volcano, the lodge is set within beautiful mid-elevation Caribbean rainforest reserves of Tenorio Volcano National Park; this welcoming mountain lodge is an ideal base for the next three nights. Both Tenorio and Miravalles Volcanoes can be seen from the grounds, and the habitat here is inviting for many species.

Ecologically, the area is a mixing ground of Caribbean and Pacific influences that meet along the ridgeline. The lodge is in the heart of the Tenorio-Miravalles Biological Corridor, which provides biological linkage between Lake Nicaragua and the delta of the Tempisque River, one of Costa Rica’s major waterways, in the south.

After we check in at our lodge and settle in, we enjoy some free time to relax and get familiar with the grounds. The architecture is modern, with lots of glass and a stunning view of the mountains. A parade of colorful tanagers, orioles, and woodpeckers visit the fruit feeders within view of the lodge restaurant! The lodge sits at 2400 feet, quite a bit lower than Monteverde so we have new species to find here, as well as a second chance at some more general mountain species. Of the specialties, some are elusive to find including Tody Motmot, White Hawk, Yellow-eared Toucanet, Great Curassow, Ocellated Antbird, Dull-mantled Antbird, Lattice-tailed Trogon—imagine!

They take their food very seriously here and dinner is a real treat, blending foods of the region into European cuisine.
Accommodations at Celeste Mountain Lodge (B,L,D)

Fri., Mar. 19 : Tenorio National Park | Celeste Mountain Lodge


Early birders can join our guides for birding in the garden, where Rose-breasted Grosbeak and Summer Tanager may join regional specialties like Snowcap and Violet-headed Hummingbird. While in the volcanos region, we explore primary rainforest where over 300 species of birds have been recorded. The closest village is Bijagua, which retains a rural charm and a tradition of cattle raising and agriculture.

Today we explore Tenorio National Park’s system of trails looking for specialties like the toy-like Tody Motmot, Stripe-throated Hermit, and various Heliconia butterflies. While we bird this prime tract of forest, the calls of antbirds in the understory may alert us to an army ant swarm, giving us our best chance to see some truly special obligate ant-followers such as Ocellated and Bicolored Antbird.

The park is adjacent to our lodge, and while visiting we are on the lookout for some of the area specialties, including Purplish-backed Quail Dove, Brown-hooded Parrot, White-ruffed Manakin, Broad-billed Motmot, Slaty-tailed Trogon, and Rufous-winged Tanager. We may, with some luck, find the often secretive Black-throated Trogon.

As the day ends, enjoy birding from the lodge’s balcony as sounds of night birds and darkness descend. Then, off to a delicious meal! There is also an optional night walk after dinner to look for the amazing Red-eyed Tree Frog and Masked Tree Frog.
Accommodations at Celeste Mountain Lodge (B,L,D)

Sat. Mar. 20 : Caño Negro | Optional Night Tour


Awaken to sounds of the forest. After breakfast, we pack up to have time to bird and explore as we drive to our next lodge. Farm fields invite new species and vistas of mountains and fertile fields invite a few photo stops. We have even seen Great Green Macaw on this route! We have our lunch en route.

We are bound for the Caño Negro area, where we settle into delightful lodgings at the lowest elevation of our tour. Our comfortable rooms have well-designed furniture, ceiling fans, and air conditioning. We arrive in time to watch colorful tanagers and parakeets at the feeders. Garden birds include Spot-breasted Wren, White-tipped Dove, Yellow-throated Euphonia, Red-legged Honeycreeper, Orange-chinned Parakeet, and more. At dusk, watch the sky for Red-lored Parrot as they come in to roost.

Some may want to take a dip in the pool or just enjoy the grounds. Tonight, we enjoy international cuisine at the lodge’s Jabiru restaurant. Named after one of the tallest flying bird in the Americas, this restaurant offers a charming atmosphere and great views of the gardens.

After dinner, we offer an optional night tour, where we search for owls (Black-and-white, Striped, and Mottled), two species of potoo (Great and Northern), and perhaps even a large mammal or two!
Accommodations at Caño Negro Natural Lodge (B,L,D)

Sun., Mar. 21 : Caño Negro National Wildlife Refuge | Caño Negro


Our lodge is located in the Caño Negro National Wildlife Refuge, one of the most important biological areas of the country and among the most important wetland areas in the world. It is an official Ramsar site, hosting a large area, almost 25,000 acres, replete with lagoons and extensive river habitat.

What might we find here? Several kingfishers hunt along the river—Ringed, Amazon, and Green are the species we’re most likely to see. Particularly beautiful are the Bare-throated Tiger-Heron and the elusive Sungrebe; with luck we may also find roosting Boat-billed Heron. On tree limbs hanging over the water we watch for Black-collared Hawk and Snail Kite. Many describe this area as similar to the Florida Everglades—especially as we approach Lago Caño Negro, where we may find American Pygmy Kingfisher, Snowy Cotinga (wow!), and Bare-crowned Antbird, as well as Anhinga, Roseate Spoonbill, Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Purple Gallinule, and large numbers of Snowy and Great Egrets. With luck we could find Yellow-breasted and Gray-breasted Crake.

A few (by name) remind us we are on the border of Nicaragua: Nicaraguan Seed-Finch, Nicaraguan Grackle, and Nicaraguan Slider-Turtle. In the forest margins, watch for Lineated Woodpecker, Scarlet-rumped Tanager, and Pied Puffbird.

In addition to birds, we may find Green Basilisk, Green Iguana, river turtles, Spectacled Caiman, American Crocodile, and more. One never knows what might be spotted here—the area is still wild enough to support populations of rare species such as Jaguar, Jabiru, and Giant Anteater!

Our hotel has a lovely bar if you want to gather for cocktails, and the dinner menu features international cuisine.
Accommodations at Caño Negro Natural Lodge (B,L,D)

Mon., Mar. 22: Caño Negro | Hotel Bougainvillea, San José


This morning early, we enjoy some last birding around the lodge grounds, feeders, and gardens. Then our flock disperses. Those on the extension depart soon after breakfast, with great birding planned along the way to Sarapiqui.

For those not opting for the extension, enjoy a lovely waterfall garden with hummingbird feeders en route to San José and then time at the lovely DoubleTree by Hilton Cairiri where you can pack for travels, relax, enjoy the gardens, and share a final dinner with travel companions.
Main tour accommodations at the DoubleTree by Hilton Cairiri Hotel (B,L,D)

Tue., Mar. 23 : Departures


Those who haven’t joined us on the extension depart at your leisure this morning; your transfer is included. (B)

La Selva/Sarapiqui Post-Tour Extension

Mon., Mar. 22 : Extension to La Selva/Sarapiqui


This morning early, we enjoy some last birding around the lodge grounds, feeders, and gardens. Then our flock disperses. Those on the extension depart soon after breakfast, with great birding planned along the way to Sarapiqui.

Add a blitz of biodiversity! We do encourage those with time to see more of the country by exploring the Caribbean side in the lush Sarapiqui area on our extension. It is a scenic drive, and we arrive late-afternoon. Along the way, we stop at Frog’s Heaven, a fascinating garden for seeing both birds at close range, and technicolor poison dart frogs. We then enjoy the Sarapiquis Rainforest Lodge grounds with our guide before dinner.
Extension Accommodations at Sarapiquis Rainforest Lodge (B,L,D)

Tue., Mar. 23 : La Selva Biological Station Sarapiqui River


Those who have joined the extension explore La Selva Biological Station this morning, one of the premier tropical research stations in the world. Trails wind between laboratories and researchers’ residences, and then fan out to primary and secondary forests where nature abounds. Lowland rainforest is particularly diverse here; the property is located near the confluence of two major rivers: the Rio Puerto Viejo and the Sarapiqui. The reserve is nearly 4,000 acres and connects to a forest corridor that ascends up through nearby Braulio Carrillo National Park, providing links to middle and higher elevations.

La Selva comprises 1,600 hectares (3,900 acres) of tropical wet forests and disturbed lands. Four major tropical life zones define the contiguous corridor now protecting a large portion of Costa Rica’s biodiversity. Recorded here are more than half of Costa Rica’s almost 900 species of birds, 1850 species of vascular plants, and a rich array of mammals, insects, reptiles, and amphibians. Each year, La Selva’s Christmas Bird Count is among the highest in numbers.

On trails near the Sarapiqui River we hope to see the beautiful Agami Heron and perhaps an elusive Sungrebe. Some of the other elusive species we may find include Great Curassow, Great Tinamou, Great Potoo, and Semiplumbeous Hawk. We should see Crimson-collared and Golden-hooded Tanager, Rufous and Broad-billed Motmot, Black-cheeked and Chestnut-colored Woodpecker, immaculate Snowy Cotinga, and, high on thermals above, King Vulture. Pied Puffbird and Rufous-tailed Jacamar are sit-and-wait predators that dart from perches to capture large insects. Orange-billed Sparrow are sharply patterned denizens of the forest floor.

Butterfly enthusiasts, prepare to be amazed at all the species, including several large electric-blue Morphos. Central American Agouti, Collared Peccary, and White-nosed Coati are mammals we often find.

In the late afternoon, we venture out on the Sarapiqui River for a boat trip; late afternoon is a great time to find secretive birds like Sunbittern, Green Ibis, Bare-throated Tiger-Heron, several kingfishers, herons, and egrets. Mealy and White-crowned Parrots make raucous noise overhead, joined by the smaller Olive-throated Parakeet. It’s beautiful to be out on the water where the temperature is cooler and views of the wildlife bound to impress.
Accommodations at Sarapiqui Rainforest Lodge (B,L,D)

Wed., Mar. 24 : Cinchona Waterfalls & Hummingbirds | Bougainvillea Hotel, San José


This morning we enjoy another full morning in the lush Caribbean lowlands of Sarapiqui. Birding spots abound, and we may also find tropical frogs such as Glass Frog or Poison Dart Frog

There are two routes that connect San José to Sarapiqui, and today we return to San José on the slower, more winding Vara Blanca route that has some pretty incredible scenery, and a waterfall to be remembered. A new Café de Colibris is open, the original one was devastated by an earthquake in 2009. At this roadside location, you can find up to ten species of hummingbird, including the lovely Green Thorntail—wow! We hope to also find Northern Emerald-Toucanet, and both Prong-billed and Red-headed Barbet. Buff-fronted Quail-Dove can often be seen wandering in the area below the feeders. The waterfall is situated across a massive drainage, an important biological corridor linking high mountain terrain with the Caribbean lowlands.

We watch for Bat Falcon, Squirrel Cuckoo, and Brown Jay, plus we have one more day to listen to the songs of Clay-colored Thrush and Rufous-collared Sparrow. We make a full field day of it today, arriving late-afternoon to our delightful lodgings at the Hotel Bougainvillea for a final dinner, with transfers out the following day.
Accommodations at the Hotel Bougainvillea (B,L,D)

Thurs., Mar. 25 : Departures


Enjoy birding on the grounds and depart today at your leisure. We arrange transfers for you to meet your International flights. Remember that you must be at the airport at least three hours ahead of your flight, so flights after 10:00 or 11:00 AM make for a more comfortable way to end your vacation! (B)

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Cost of the Journey

Cost of the journey (main tour) is $3990 DBL / $4685 SGL*, from San José, Costa Rica. Tour cost includes all accommodations, meals as specified in the itinerary, professional guide services, other park and program entrance fees and miscellaneous program expenses. Cost of the La Selva/Sarapiqui extension is $895 DBL / $1070 SGL*.

Tour cost does not include: round-trip transportation from your home city to San José, optional activities, or items of a personal nature like laundry, telephone charges, maid gratuities, or beverages from the bar.

*Price subject to unanticipated local taxes or fees that may be added after the time of pricing.

Travel Details

Arrive in San José on March 13, ideally between 2:00 and 5:00 PM to join the welcome dinner. Those arriving at the airport by 5:00 PM can join us for a welcome dinner at the hotel. If your flight arrives after 6:00 PM, plan to eat dinner on the plane, or we can hold a meal for you at the hotel.

You may want to arrive a day or two early (at your own cost) to take in sights of the city. We suggest you plan departures for after 10:00 AM on March 23, though earlier or later flights can be accommodated. Those going on the extension may depart at a time convenient for you on March 25 (suggested after 10:00 AM). Do remember you have to be at the airport about three hours ahead of your scheduled flight on this return so we do not advise booking early morning flights.


Photo credits: Banner: Black-cheeked Woodpecker by Greg Smith (GS); Lizard by Sandy Sorkin; Squirrel Cuckoo by Sandy Sorkin; Keel-billed Toucan by Doug Greenberg (DG); Black Howler Monkey by Peg Abbott (PA); Blue Dacnis by Sandy Sorkin; Blue-crowned Motmot by Peg Abbott; Collared Aracari by Greg Smith; Eyelash Pit Viper by Sandy Sorkin; Great Curassow Pair by Sandy Sorkin (SS); Rural Life by Sandy Sorkin; Yellow-throated Toucan by Greg Smith; Orange-collared Manakin by Bud Ferguson; Northern Barred Woodcreeper Phil Yates, courtesy Operador Latino; Black Guan, DG; Blue-crowned Motmot, Mike Boyce; Central American Squirrel Monkey, PA; View from Celeste Mountain Lodge, celestemountainlodge.com; Collared Aracari, James Adams; Red-legged Honeycreeper, GS; Great Curassow, SS; White-collared Manakin, SS; Red-lored Parrots, SS; Boat-billed Herons, CS; Great Egret, Betty Andres; Black-bellied Whistling Ducks, PA; Eyelash Pit Viper, SS; King Vulture, DG; Golden-hooded Tanager, PA; Black-cheeked Woodpecker, GS; Sunbittern, SS; Silver-throated Tanager, GS; Pied Puffbird, PA; Great Potoo, SS; Squirrel Cuckoo, SS; Black-and-white Owl, Howard Topoff; Giant Anteater, Naturalist Journeys Stock; Purple Gallinule, Tom Dove; Purple-throated Mountain Gem, GS; Savegre Bromeliads, GS; Chestnut-colored Woodpecker, SS.

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